Best Practices

Finishing the Job: Best practice handbook for construction industry stakeholders

PGTI’s practical hands-on guide which includes checklists for construction owners, developers, managers, contractors, subcontractors, building trade unions, and community-based organizations. Finishing the Job Best Practices v.8 Oct 2018

Project Labor Agreements

UMass Boston Project Labor Agreement: Project-Labor-Agreement-for-GAB-No.-1-at-UMass-Boston-Campus

See “Article III-A Access and Opportunity Committee” on pp 7-9 for model language on establishing a project AOC

Workforce Disparity Studies

PGTI and Prof. Sofya Aptekar of UMass Boston are collaborating to conduct Construction Workforce Disparity Studies for municipalities that are seeking the data needed to increase gender and racial diversity among construction workers within their cities. These studies are based on a unique methodology that corrects the methods used by high-priced consultants who ignore workforce discrimination and only look at business opportunities. A critique of the consultant-based methods is available here.

The first Aptekar study, for the City of Springfield, was completed in 2018. As a result, the City Council and the Mayor of Springfield approved an ordinance in February 2019 that requires contractors on public construction projects to meet minimum hiring requirements for women, minorities, veterans and city residents.

The Springfield Construction Industry Disparity Study is available for download here: 2018 Springfield Disparity Study 

The City of Worcester’s Workforce Disparity Study, completed in May 2019, is available at 2019 Worcester Construction Workforce Disparity Study

A disparity study provides a solid legal foundation for cities and towns seeking to implement legal measures to increase the diversity of their construction workforce. PGTI and Prof. Aptekar provide these studies as a public resource and at a cost far below those of private consultants. For a consultation on the value of disparity studies or to discuss contracting for a study, contact Susan Moir, PGTI Research Director, at or

Access and Opportunity Committees

Access and Opportunity Committees (AOCs) are multi-stakeholder monitoring groups that meet regularly to enforce workforce diversity compliance. These committees have been convened on $6.5 billion worth of construction work across MA, including the construction of the MGM Springfield and Encore Boston Harbor casinos, and four UMass campuses. These committees are generally convened by the project owners, and involve close collaboration of project GCs/CMs, unions, community groups and other stakeholders in tracking workforce participation for women and people of color, to ensure that workforce goals are met or exceeded.

Best Practice Cheat Sheets

PGTI Cheatsheets: How it works in One Page