Providing Research and Technical Assistance to Union Construction Partners on Recruiting and Retaining Tradeswomen
Happy 20% Day.
Today, it’s all about the girls, specifically, Massachusetts Girls in Trades. For the 2019-20 school year, 19.7% of all students enrolled CTE construction-related programs are female. This is no small feat, as the percentage of women in the trades nationwide hovers at 3%.
In Massachusetts CTE schools, more female students are choosing construction-related programs every year. Female participation soars above the 20% female mark in programs like Sheet Metalworking (50%) and Painting and Design Tech (87.6%) for the 2019-20 year. In these so-called “non-traditional” trade programs, women are no longer the minority.The significant gains toward equity in the CTE schools are due in large part to the work of a Massachusetts Girls in Trades, (MAGIT). MAGIT was launched in 2015 by leaders from Minuteman Regional Vocational Technical High School, the MA Building Trades, and Encore Boston Harbor. MAGIT now includes over 50 industry partners including unions, contractors and government agencies, and has engaged hundreds of girls from 41 CTE schools statewide with regional conferences, career fairs, and the Equity in Trades Student Leadership Council. Enrollment in construction-related programs at CTE schools increased accordingly, from 15% in 2014 to 19.7% in 2020, essentially meeting our goal of 20% by 2020.
The girls in construction-related programs in our Massachusetts CTE schools are the PIPELINE OF THE FUTURE. With hands-on skills, and interest in the trades, they provide a shovel-ready labor pool; a no-brainer answer to the impending labor shortage when the aging construction workforce retires.
We congratulate MAGIT’s steering committee and advisory committee members and all of the active partners who have invested in the next generation of trade workers.
About 20% Day
2020 is a benchmark year for the Policy Group on Tradeswomen’s Issues. PGTI set a goal of 20% women in the trades by 2020, a high target intended to spur progress, after years of minimal progress under more moderate goals. Throughout this year, we are highlighting programs and projects that have reached, exceeded or increased by 20%.
|Apprenticeship Program||WomenQ4 2018||WomenQ4 2019||Percent increase|
|Roofers Local 33||9||16||77.7%|
|Pipefitters Local 537||10||16||60%|
|Elevator Constructors Local 41||2||3||50%|
|Sheet Metal Workers Local 17||14||19||35.7%|
|Boston Electricians Local 103||85||114||34%|
|Plumbers Local 12||27||35||29.6%|
2020 is a benchmark year for the Policy Group on Tradeswomen’s Issues. We set a goal of 20% by 2020, a high target intended to spur progress, after years of minimal progress under more moderate goals.
PGTI’s strategy of aiming high, implementing industry-informed best practices, and integrating supply and demand for diverse workers has more than moved the needle: from 2012 to present, the percent of women in MA union apprenticeship programs has increased every year. Today the percentage of women exceeds 20 percent in two union apprenticeships: the Boston Plasterers & Cement Masons Local 534 (21.9%) and the Hoisting and Portable Engineers Local 98 in Western MA (27.3%). Currently, 9.2% of all union apprentices in Massachusetts are women.
From 2018-2019, six apprenticeship programs increase their count of women by 20% or more. The licensed trades made key and significant gains: Pipefitters Local 537 increased by 60%, IBEW Local 103 by 34% and Plumbers Local 12 by 29.6%,
#20PercentNOW: Share your 20% achievements
Throughout this year, we will be highlighting programs and projects that have reached, exceeded or increased by 20% on “Twenty Percent Day,” a social media campaign in which we will release a new 20% statistic regularly to showcase progress of PGTI’s labor, apprenticeship and contractor partners. If you have a 20% achievement that you would like PGTI to highlight on “Twenty Percent Day,” please email us at email@example.com.
As we have said at every PGTI meeting for 11 years, there is no silver bullet to crushing the barriers to women’s access to good jobs in the trades and to reaching the goal of 20% by 2020. But there are strategies, best practices and game changers that move the needle faster than others. Below is our most recent “one pager.” Adapted from the success stories of the Canterbury Rebuild in New Zealand –where women reached 17% of the construction workforce –and informed by our work in Massachusetts and the inspiring work of stakeholders in Portland, OR led by Oregon Tradeswomen, Inc., the five strategies included in the Diversity Framework can be laid over all diversity efforts from pre-apprenticeship to monitoring workforce compliance and supporting retention. We believe these principles can substantially accelerate progress in opening the trades to women. Let us know what you think.
The Division of Apprentice Standards’ 2018 year-end numbers for Registered Apprentices demonstrated the increase in women apprentices in joint union programs that the industry has been feeling in the field.
- Over 100 women built the MGM Casino in Springfield.
- Over 300 women are working at Encore in Everett.
- The UMass Building Authority (UMBA) has three Access and Opportunity Committees (AOCs) monitoring diversity on its campuses and is planning a new one at UMass Dartmouth.
- The City of Boston has raised its target to 12% women’s hours.
The demand for tradeswomen has reached record highs in the state and the data shows that the joint apprenticeship programs have stepped up to address the demand over the past year. The full year-end 2018 report, including data on each JATC, can be downloaded here.
In the spirit of crushing the barriers to our goal of 20% tradeswomen by 2020, we would like to acknowledge the 14 JATCs across the state that increased the number of women apprentices in their program by greater than 20%.